Managing storm water contamination in urban areas (Water Quality 1/3)
Topic Managing storm water contamination in urban areas (Water Quality 1/3)
Urban freshwater bodies (be it streams, rivers, or lakes) are often used as sinks for untreated urban run-off from a wide range of land uses, with the predominant urban pollutants being heavy metals, nutrients, total suspended solids, and bacteria (e.g. E. coli). Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD), an approach to planning and designing urban areas, is increasingly being considered for mitigation of stormwater impact on water quality in receiving environment. Although different WSUDs such as bioretention systems or swales or wetlands have been implemented, a significant gap remains to predict their impact at catchment level.
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